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Exercise and Fitness
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Find medical information and Advice for living healthy…

Agility - Balance - Body Composition - Cardiovascular
Coordination - Endurance - Flexibility - Strength – Speed

Daily exercise may be one of the best gifts you can give yourself. It improves circulation, lowers blood pressure, strengthens your muscles and helps you sleep better. A healthy diet, regular exercise and adequate sleep are necessary for overall physical fitness.

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Agility is the ability to change the body's direction at speed. Field sports and racket sports use rapid body movement with change of direction and speed in response to a moving target. This requires a combination of balance, coordination, speed, reflexes, and strength.

Balance is the detection of acceleration and enables the ability to walk without falling. To maintain orientation visual signals are sent to the brain about the body's position in relation to its surroundings. These signals are processed by the brain, and compared to information from the vestibular, visual and the skeletal systems.

Body Composition…
Body composition is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone and muscle in human bodies. Muscular tissue takes up less space than fat tissue and two people of the same height and same weight may look completely different and determines how lean we appear.

Strengthening and enlarging the heart muscle improves its pumping efficiency. Toning muscles throughout the body improves overall circulation and reduces blood pressure. An aerobic workout should include a 5-10 minute warm up, 20 minutes of exercise and a 5-10 minute cool down.

Coordination is the ability to manipulate muscles in activities requiring spatial awareness, timing, balance, sequence and alternating movements. Fine motor coordination addresses the fine motor skills, such as the abilities to manipulate small objects.

Muscles use sugar from the bloodstream at a rapid rate. To keep blood sugar levels from dropping, the liver manufactures sugar from protein and if you don't eat, your blood sugar level drops. When exercising for longer than an hour, drink and eat foods loaded with calories.

Flexibility is strength and control of motion and the ability to achieve a full range of movements. To turn, stretch, twist and bend during exercise increases the amount of flexibility in a joint, while decreasing the amount of resistance.

Strengthening muscle with intense exercise injures muscle fibers and causes individual muscle fibers to fray. The healing process results in increased muscle tissue. Chances of harmful injury increase if muscles are intensely exercised more than 1-3 times a week.

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